As Lord Caitanya, Krishna assumed the mentality and complexion of His dear most devotee, His consort Radharani, and taught how by the congregational chanting of the names of God, especially in the form of the Hare Krishna maha-mantra, we can awaken our dormant love of Godhead. Lord Caitanya gives the greatest benediction, love of God, to everyone without consideration, and thus He is praised by the vaisnava saint Rupa Gosvami as the most munificent of all incarnations of God.
Lord Caitanya was assisted by His intimate associates, the Panca-Tattva, that includes Lord Nityananda and Advaita Acarya, also incarnations of God, and Gadadhara Pandit, the incarnation of God’s spiritual pleasure potency, and Srivasa Thakura, incarnation of a pure devotee of God
Lord Caitanya appeared in Mayapur of the then Gauda Desa (in what is now known as West Bengal) in the year 1486 in a brahmana family and was quite a scholar in His youth.
After He met His guru, Isvara Puri, at Gaya, however, He simply became interested in devotion to Krishna and organized parties of many devotees playing musical instruments and chanting the names of Krishna in the streets.
This congregational chanting of God’s names, He taught, is the prime benediction for humanity, it cleanses our hearts of material desires, and it enables us to fully taste the nectar for which we are always anxious, the eternal nectar of love of God.
To further His mission, He accepted the renounced order of life, sannyasa, at the age of twenty-four. Then He traveled throughout southern India and inspired devotion to Krishna in everyone who saw Him.
For the last eighteen years of His manifest pastimes in this world, He lived in Sri Jagannath Puri with His intimate followers and demonstrated the highest limits of love of God. Lord Caitanya returned to the spiritual world at the age of forty-eight.
Lord Caitanya taught that as spirit souls we are part of God and thus we are one with Him in quality, and yet at the same time we are also different from Him in quantity. This is called acintya-bheda-abheda-tattva, inconceivable, simultaneous oneness and difference.
Our constitutional position is, therefore, to serve God with love, and our love for Him can be invoked by chanting His names and cultivating the qualities of tolerance and humility. To awaken our Love of God, or Krishna-prema, is life’s ultimate goal and will please us to our full satisfaction. Lord Caitanya left eight verses, called the Sikshashtaka, which summarize His teachings. And on His instruction His leading disciples wrote many books, with copious references from the vedic scriptures, confirming His teachings.